How Data Centers Operate
History of Data Centers
Data centers began in the 1940’s in large computer rooms that required the use of large cables to connect all of the components. There would also be a single mainframe computer that required a lot of power and cooling to keep from overheating. Computers were also expensive and mostly used for military purposes with high security.
During the 1980 microcomputer boom, computers were used everywhere and IT operations grew in complexity, requiring organizations to obtain more control over IT operations. The Linux-compatible PC operating systems during the 1990’s (also known as servers) relied on a client-server model which facilitated sharing resources throughout multiple users. With the inexpensive networking equipment and new network structured cabling standards, the servers were able to be in specific rooms within the organizations. The term “data center” was applied to the designated computer rooms.
Data centers boomed during the dot-com bubble from 1997-2000, and organizations needed faster internet connections. Organizations began building large facilities called internet data centers which provided backups. The term cloud data centers have also been used but have merged with internet data centers to become known as “data centers.”
Modern Data Center Requirements
The minimum requirements for telecommunications infrastructure of data centers and computer rooms are specified by the Telecommunications Industry Association’s Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers. There are some criteria that is required for data centers to operate.
- Data center transformation using a step-by-step approach to carry out projects overtime.
- Air conditioning within the “Machine Room” or room where the central processing unit is located.
- Raised flooring for air circulation.
- Lights Out data centers where there is less need for personnel in a darkened room to save costs on staffing and energy.
- Environmental control such as; temperature, electrical power, air-flow, low-voltage cable routing, fire protection, and security.
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