How does the internet get across the oceans?
The Internet’s system is made up of 750,000 miles of wire cables, the size of a strand of hair throughout the ocean floor to various continents. Companies have gathered their resources together to collaborate on Undersea cable projects to find the best services. Although, Google has created its Undersea cable project from the United States to Chile and becoming the largest data center in Latin America.
Cables are assembled as clusters of tiny thread made of glass fiber in a factory in Newington, New Hampshire. Lasers insert data into the cables by fiber-optic technology, so when it reaches land and connects to an existing network it will make its way to your device. For Wi-Fi and phone data plans, those systems still link up with physical cables within the range of your device. Even though there is competition for wireless and satellite technologies, the cable is still the most dependable, fastest, and least expensive.
During the manufacturing process for Undersea cables, the cables go through high-speed mills the size of a jet engine. Then they are wrapped in a copper casing which carries the electricity to keep data moving. To withstand the ocean, the cables are wrapped in plastic, steel, and tar, making the cable the size of a garden hose.
Planning the cable route takes about a year to chart to avoid potential hazards. The life expectancy of a cable is around 25 years withstanding heavy currents, earthquakes, rock slides, and other interference. Once the cables are ready for sea, 4,000 miles of cable are loaded onto a 456-foot ship called the “Durable” by the use of a conveyor belt, along with 60 days worth of supplies.
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